001). As with the observations at 21 °C, no influence of water mobility independent of aw level was observed (p = 0.507). Average log reduction values of 0.003, 0.005, 0.008, 0.01 and 0.02 log CFU/day were observed at aw levels of 0.17, 0.26, 0.33, 0.42 and 0.52, respectively. At the lower aw levels (0.17 and 0.26), there was a slight decline in Salmonella population ( Fig. 1) which resembled that seen at 21 °C. Greater inactivation was seen at the higher aw levels (0.33–0.52), with an initial decline followed by a tail starting at around 50 days of storage ( Fig. 1). The model fit statistics corresponding to 36 °C survival data are presented in Table 2. Unlike the results at 21 °C, the
survival data at 36 °C could be described by ERK inhibitor cost all models (ftest < Ftable) with the exception of the log-linear model, which did not fit the data at the highest aw (0.52) ( Table 2). Salmonella survival in Cisplatin solubility dmso protein powder held at aw level of 0.52 showed tailing after approximately 50 days of storage. The log-linear model did not describe such tailing behavior as indicated by an ftest
which was higher than the Ftable. The biphasic-linear model produced the best fit statistics at aw level of 0.52 ( Table 2). This model may represent samples containing two populations with differing survival rates, and therefore their fitness may be associated with using a multistrain cocktail. The highest Radj2 values for survival data at 36 °C were found when fit to the Geeraerd-tail model followed by the biphasic-linear and Weibull models ( Table 2). Survival
data at 50 °C showed increased heat resistance of Salmonella associated with decreasing aw (p < 0.001) ( Fig. 2). Even at temperatures as high as 50 °C, Salmonella continued to inactivate slowly at the lowest aw level (0.22). Average log reduction values of 0.06, 0.09, 0.13, 0.16 and 0.22 Rebamipide log CFU/day were observed at aw levels of 0.22, 0.33, 0.39, 0.46 and 0.58, respectively. No significant differences in resistance were associated with water mobilities at the same aw level (p = 0.418). All models adequately described the inactivation data at the lower aw levels (0.22 and 0.33) ( Table 2). However, at the higher aw levels (0.39–0.58), the best fits were found when using the Weibull model followed by the biphasic-linear model and the Geeraerd-tail model ( Table 2). The log-linear and Baranyi models showed poorer fits at the higher aw (0.39–0.58) because under these conditions Salmonella produced a non-log-linear inactivation rate ( Fig. 2). Data on survival of Salmonella at 60 °C showed increased survival with decreasing aw (p < 0.001) (results not shown). Average log reduction values of 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.6 and 0.8 log CFU/day were observed at aw levels of 0.22 ± 0.002, 0.34 ± 0.0003, 0.39 ± 0.006, 0.46 ± 0.005 and 0.57 ± 0.002, respectively. Salmonella was not detected after 2 weeks (336 h) of storage at the higher aw levels (0.46, 0.57).