One investigator checked that SAR405838 price each participant was performing appropriate airway clearance techniques and tolerating hypertonic saline three times daily. On the first study day, participants were randomly allocated
to perform hypertonic saline either before, during, or after airway clearance techniques at all airway clearance sessions that day. On the next day, participants used the next randomly allocated timing regimen at all airway clearance sessions. On the third day, participants used the remaining timing regimen at all airway clearance sessions. Randomisation was computer generated and balanced the number of participants who experienced the three timing regimens in each of the six possible orders. Concealment of the allocations was achieved using sealed opaque envelopes. After the 3-day study was complete, participants were followed for one year to observe whether they had another hospital admission. Those who had a second hospital admission were invited to repeat the 3-day study to determine whether
their preferred timing regimen had changed. Patients were required to meet the following criteria to be eligible for the study: aged at least 18 years, a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis confirmed Fluorouracil price with sweat testing or genotyping, able to perform airway clearance techniques and hypertonic saline inhalation CYTH4 on a regular basis, and clinically stable with a forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) within 10% of the best recorded value for the past 6 months. Patients were excluded from the study if they met any of the following criteria: naïve to hypertonic saline, intolerant of hypertonic saline, lung transplant recipient, colonised with Burkholderia cepacia complex, not clinically stable, haemoptysis greater than 60 mL within the last month, thrombocytopenia, or pregnancy. Participants who were readmitted to hospital within one year were required to meet the same eligibility criteria
before they were invited to repeat the 3-day study. Inhalation solution: The hypertonic saline solution used in the study was 6% hypertonic saline a. Participants were instructed to inhale 4 mL of the hypertonic saline solution at each of three sessions of airway clearance techniques for that day. A Pari LC plus nebuliser b was given to all participants to administer their hypertonic saline. Participants who were regularly using a bronchodilator at enrolment were advised to use their current bronchodilator before every dose. Participants who did not usually use a bronchodilator inhaled 200 micrograms of salbutamol sulphate via a metered dose inhaler c and a spacer device d prior to each dose of hypertonic saline.