coli, S. aureus, Streptococcus mutans, P. aeruginosa, S. epidermidis, E. faecalis and C. albicans attachment. 5, 6 and 21 However, it
should be noted that, in addition to S30, S35 and HP30 coatings, other coatings also promoted changes in the surface chemical composition and resulted in hydrophilic surfaces but did not significantly affect the adhesion of C. albicans to the denture base acrylic resin. For all tested conditions, the results revealed that C. albicans adhesion was not influenced by saliva. There is no consensus in the literature regarding the effect of saliva in C. albicans adhesion. Some authors 4, 39 and 51 found an increase of C. albicans adhesion to materials covered with salivary pellicle, while others 30, 32, 34, 52 and 53 observed a decrease in adhesion. This divergence of results could be attributed to differences among materials used as substrates
to test Candida Quizartinib research buy adhesion. 4, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 39, 51, 52, 53 and 54 The chemical nature MEK inhibitor of the surfaces of the biomaterials influences the formation and composition of the acquired pellicle, 47 and 55 and consequently the adhesion and formation of biofilms. 56 Furthermore, results may also be influenced by differences in saliva-collection methods, such as the type of collected saliva (stimulated or non-stimulated) and number of donors, and in those procedures for saliva processing, such as the use of filtered or non-filtered saliva, diluted or non-diluted saliva, speed and time of centrifugation, and incubation periods and temperatures. 4, 30, 32, 34, 35, 39, 51, 52 and 53 In the present study, diluted saliva was prepared in the same manner as Ramage et al. 33 Diluted saliva was used for practical reasons as the saliva volume of hundreds of mL was required in the experiments. Although one could argue that saliva
dilution could have contributed to the lack of effect of the pre-conditioning on Candida adhesion, other studies where undiluted saliva was used have also shown no significant effect on the adhesion of C. albicans. 40 and 54 The findings of this study confirm that the interactions among C. albicans, substrate and saliva are complex, and that several factors such as the Orotidine 5′-phosphate decarboxylase physicochemical properties of the substrates (and conditioning film) and cells may influence this process. Nevertheless, experimental photopolymerized S and HP coatings were able to reduce C. albicans adherence and thus warrant further investigations. Experimental S and HP coatings showed promising results and significantly reduced the short-term attachment (90 min) of C. albicans to the denture base acrylic resin under evaluation. However, the effect of these coatings on long-term biofilm formation remains to be investigated.