Since the success of the new journal depends entirely on the support of the crop science community it will serve, we therefore invite you to join us in making The Crop Journal an objective, advanced, open and successful journal. We look forward to receiving your reactions and advices, together with your support for the journal. May The Crop Journal find conditions favorable to its growth! “
“Rice blast, caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, is an important disease in most rice production regions
of the world because of its devastating effects on yield. In this pathosystem, pathotype- or race-specific resistance follows the gene-for-gene relationship . M. oryzae is highly variable, and loss of resistance in varieties is quite common  and , especially when resistance is based on a single resistance (R) gene ,  and . Nevertheless, the utilization of R genes is still considered H 89 cell line to be the most effective and economical method to
control the disease. A major strategy to develop more durable resistance is to combine multiple R genes that confer overlapping resistance spectra to multiple isolates/races of M. oryzae in Tanespimycin chemical structure a single variety . In this regard, continued identification of new R genes in genetic resource materials is essential. Genetic studies on blast resistance began as early as the 1960s and were intensified with the availability of genome sequences of the two subspecies of cultivated rice, Oryza sativa (ssp. japonica cultivar (cv.) Nipponbare and spp. indica cv. 93-11)
and abundant genetic markers ,  and . To date, more than 70 R genes and some quantitative trait loci (QTL) have been identified and mapped on rice chromosomes ,  and . These R genes are largely clustered on chromosomes 6, 11 and 12, and involve different specificities , , ,  and . Development of DNA markers closely linked to the R genes not only sets the stage for marker-assisted selection (MAS) in rice breeding programs, but also facilitates map-based cloning. Some DNA ligase blast R genes have been finely mapped , , , , , , ,  and , and among them Pib , Pita , Pi9 , Piz-t and Pi2 , Pid2 , Pi36 , Pi37 , Pikm , Pi5 , Pid3/Pi25  and , Pit , Pish , pi21 , Pb1 , Pia/PiCO39  and , Pi-kh/Pi54 , Pik , Pik-p  and Pi1  have been isolated. Markers tightly linked to the R genes, and more recently, markers derived from cloned R genes should greatly facilitate pyramiding of the R genes into cultivars by MAS; for example, markers developed from Pita  and  and Pib . The sequenced indica cv. 93-11 is a widely grown blast resistant cultivar and hybrid rice restorer in China , , ,  and . It is resistant to M. oryzae races ZA49, ZE3 and ZG1 from Jiangsu, China , and to 80% of 45 M.