The clustering of RGH-SSR markers near other R-gene and QTL clusters that was observed on almost every linkage group can be used to analyze well known clusters of R-genes. The large number of RGH-SSR markers will allow fine mapping of R-genes or QTL and perhaps their cloning via positional or association mapping approaches. We are grateful for laboratory help from Drs. Ben Rosen, Varma Penmetsa, and Doug R. Cook (Univ. of California–Davis) and for BAC clones and filter sets from Clemson (Dr. Jeff Tomkins) and Purdue (Drs. Scott Jackson and Phillip San Miguel) Universities. The technical assistance of Juana Córdoba and Claritza Muñoz
(GCP-Tropical Legumes project—CGIAR) is appreciated, as are suggestions for this work from Drs. Oscar Oliveros, Gustavo Ligaretto, Camilo PS 341 López (Univ. Nacional de Colombia), Erastin clinical trial Sylvia Restrepo (Univ. de los Andes), and Pilar Moncada (CENICAFE). Funding for this work was provided by the Generation Challenge Program and Colciencias. “
“Wheat, one of the principal cereal crops in China, is used in a variety of products including noodles, steamed breads, dumplings, pancakes, breads, and biscuits. With an increasing concern for nutrition and taste of wheat products, there has been an increased demand for high-quality wheat varieties in the food industry and corresponding interest in wheat quality improvement. Quality improvement
of wheat involves grain or flour quality, dough rheological properties, and end-use product quality. In the past several decades, dough rheological properties have increased in importance in Liothyronine Sodium wheat breeding , perhaps because they provide more direct information than grain or flour traits. Additionally, in wheat breeding programs, end-use quality
of many breeding materials can’t be directly determined, owing to limited seed quantities, and is often predicted by evaluation of dough rheological properties , ,  and . In recent years, wheat quality research has focused partly on correlations among flour and dough properties and end-use quality. Large variation in dough rheological properties among some wheat cultivars in China has been found in different end-use products, such as Chinese steamed bread, dry white Chinese noodles, pan bread, and fresh white noodles ,  and . However, these studies do not represent a full evaluation of wheat quality among the numerous cultivars released in the long period from 1949 to 2010. The trend of genetic improvement in wheat quality is also very important for wheat breeding. Breeding strategy may be guided by evaluation of genetic gain or loss of wheat quality. Fufa et al.  found that there had been a decrease in flour protein content but an increase in end-use quality in 30 hard red winter wheat cultivars released from 1874 to 2000 in Nebraska. Underdahl et al.