The mathematical expression for the relationship between the six variables for laccase production is given below in equation shown. The equation allows the prdection of the response in further future experiments where a relationship between tested factors is expressed based upon the experiments we did.The mathematical formula is originally: [Y = a + bx], SCH-900776 where Y is the enzyme activity, a is the constant (slope of the line) and x is the concentration of the variable (we have six variables). The numbers before every factor are constants generated by the program based upon our results. The variables
are as folows: malt extract (1% nitrogen content or 2% nitrogen content), Tween-80 (0.01%(v/v) or 0.02%(v/v)), CuSO4 (0.625 mM or 1.25 mM), resorcinol (10 mg or 20 mg), dl-methionine (5 mg or 10 mg) and tannic acid (2.5 mg or 5 mg). Substitution in the equation by the concentarions of the six variables will give the predicted enzyme activity.Predicted enzyme activity = 8511 + 7460 [nitrogen Source] + 2207 [Tween 80] + 1397 [CuSO4] + 1590 [methionine] + 1054 [resorcinol] − 2197 [tannic Acid] Fig. 2 shows the actual enzyme activity and the predicted activity with an equation describing the relationship between them. The results showed that as the radiation dose increased,
the growth of Pleurotus ostreatus decreased gradually ( Fig. 3), consequently, the production decreased. As for the activity of the produced laccase, it was highly affected Selleckchem Gemcitabine by irradiating the fungus as it decreased to almost half (17,200 U/gfs), compared to the non-irradiated enzyme (32,450 U/gfs). The decrease in activity was directly proportional to the increase in the dose until complete loss in enzyme activity at 1.5 and 2 kGy. After precipitation
of the enzyme using ammonium sulphate, total activity decreased from 675,000 to 622,000 U/1500 ml but the specific activity increased from 112.5 to 204 U/mg. The enzyme kept 90% of activity at pH 6 with abrupt decrease before and beyond that value (Fig. 4). Thermal stability of purified laccase showed that at temperature 40 °C, laccase exhibited the highest activity while above 60 °C laccase activity decreased sharply and at 80 °C Galactosylceramidase only 10% of initial activity remained after 15 min incubation (Fig. 5). Gamma irradiation of the enzyme at 2 kGy decreased its activity to half, whereas up to 5 and 6 kGy, where 20% of the activity remained (Fig. 6). Activators including Cu2+, Zn2+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ had an enhancing effect on activity of laccase with different extents where Cu2+, and Mg2+ gave the highest activation (15%) at the concentration used (Fig. 7). Whereas, inhibitors as Cd2+, Co2+ and Ba2+, caused decrease in the activity of laccase, with Co2+ giving highest inhibition reaching 70% (Fig. 8). However, EDTA did not inhibit laccase activity at the concentration used.