The total number of landslides might
be unrelated to JNK inhibitor cell line the overall landslide denudation, as this process is mainly controlled by very large, infrequent landslides (Densmore et al., 1997). This has recently been demonstrated by Brardinoni et al. (2009) for mountain drainage basins in coastal British Columbia, and by Agliardi et al. (2013) for the European Alps. Therefore, it is important to include information on the landslide frequency–area distribution to assess the potential impact of anthropogenic disturbances on landslide denudation. Landslide frequency–area distributions quantify the number of landslides that occur at different sizes (Malamud et al., 2004). They have been used to quantify total denudation by landsliding (Hovius et al., 1997) or to estimate landslide hazards as landslide size is often a proxy for landslide magnitude (Galli et al., 2008, Guzzetti et al., 2005 and Guzzetti et al., 2006). Two types of landslide inventories are generally used to estimate the landslide frequency–area distribution of a region: (i) substantially complete click here landslide-event inventories that take into account the majority of landslides triggered by one specific event (e.g. an earthquake), or (ii) multi-temporal (also called historical) inventories
regrouping all landslides observed within a specific period of time (Malamud et al., 2004). Sometimes landslide inventories are divided into two groups: (i) landslides and (ii) rocks falls (Malamud et al., 2004); or (i) recent and (ii) old landslides (Van Den Eeckhaut et al., 2007). To our knowledge, few authors used land cover as a distinction between groups to analyse landslide frequency–area distribution. In this study, the main objective is to analyse the anthropogenic impact on landslide frequency–area distributions. Three secondary objectives can be identified: (i) establishing the frequency-size characteristics of landslides in this region, (ii) comparing these frequency–size
statistics to the existing literature and (iii) discussing the implications of these frequency-size statistics on denudation. Our main hypothesis is that anthropogenic disturbances mainly increase the frequency of small landslides, so that the overall landslide-related denudation in active mountain ranges is sensitive to human-induced Cytidine deaminase vegetation disturbances. A tectonically active mountain range with rapid land cover change was selected for this study. Within the Ecuadorian Andes, three small catchments of about 11–30 km2 were selected. They have a similar topographic setting, and are characterised by rapid deforestation in the last five decades. However, they differ in their land cover dynamic (Table 1). In Virgen Yacu, deforestation started before the 1960s, and short-rotation plantations are now the dominant land use pressure (Fig. 1). The Llavircay catchment underwent rapid deforestation in the 1960s and 1970s, and agricultural land use is now prevalent (Fig. 2).