Values for “normal” or acceptable skin barrier properties for the three skin integrity parameters (ER, TWF and TEWL) have been published for six species, including human Ku-0059436 cell line (Heylings et al., 2001 and Davies et al., 2004). Of these methods, the ER approach has been shown to be the most practical and robust (Davies et al., 2004). However, different laboratories utilise different Databridge equipment to measure
this resistance or impedance parameter and sometimes use different direct current and frequency settings. In addition, there are many different types of diffusion cells where the skin surface area and cell design also has an impact on the technique. Therefore, care has to be taken in the interpretation of values between laboratories (White et al., 2011). Ideally, investigators undertaking such work should link their own impedance/ER methodology
to in-house TWF data for the same skin samples, in order to demonstrate the reliability of integrity data that is based on electrical properties of the skin membrane. In our investigation we have explored the usefulness of Electrical Resistance (ER), Tritiated Water Flux (TWF) and Trans-Epidermal Water Loss (TEWL), for predicting the degree of skin damage achieved through Selleck XL184 sequential tape stripping of the skin surface. We aimed to establish how the permeability properties of skin changes with varying degrees of skin stripping using dermatomed pig skin in our glass static diffusion cells. Skin was obtained from suckling pigs (aged 6–8 weeks) of the British White strain that were sacrificed for non-cosmetic purposes before the skin was harvested. Pig skin is a predictive model for human skin penetration as it has very similar morphology and permeability properties to human skin (Dick and Scott, 1992) and it is permitted in regulatory studies to assess the skin penetration of cosmetic ingredients (SCCS, 2010). Samples of whole skin were excised
from the trunk area. Excess hair Amisulpride was removed and strips of skin membranes (approximately 6 cm diameter) were cut at a thickness of 200–500 μm using an electric dermatome. Each membrane was given an identifying number and stored frozen, at −20 °C, on aluminium foil, until required for use. The dermatomed skin membranes were used within 6 months of preparation. Details of the approach used in these investigations are similar to those described in the OECD guidance document No. 28 (OECD, 2004a). Discs of dermatomed skin membranes approximately 3.3 cm diameter were mounted dermal side down in Franz-type static diffusion cells with an exposed area of 2.54 cm2 (Dugard et al., 1984 and Scott and Clowes, 1992). The receptor chambers were filled with a recorded volume of physiological saline and placed on a magnetic stirrer plate in a water bath maintained at 32 ± 1 °C.