We have chosen not to exclude any participant from the analyses. In future research, it might be worthwhile to discuss physiological responses with the participant immediately
after the experiment. In this way the participant can contribute to the interpretation of outstanding responses and the detection of outliers can be eased. The emotional impact of a bad news consultation is not limited to self-reported psychological arousal, but is also recognisable in physiological arousal, even in analogue patients who are not personally confronted with a serious life-limiting diagnosis. However, clinicians can lower the evoked arousal by only a few words of empathy. This empathic communication increased analogue patients’ recall of the provided medical information. Our results suggest that the decrease PD0332991 solubility dmso in physiological arousal might be partly responsible for this effect, although this should be confirmed in future research. More research is also needed to test the generalizability of these results to clinical
patients. The significance of addressing patients’ emotions during clinical encounters  became clear in our study. Our results suggest that clinicians need to deal with patients’ emotions before conveying additional learn more medical information to them. Irrespective of the content of the message, patients are often confronted with (psycho-)physiological reactions during clinical communication almost which interfere with their cognitive processing abilities. These insights are highly relevant for clinicians since recalling information is a prerequisite for patients to understand their disease, make informed decisions and future plans ,
,  and , and thus obtain true patient-centred care. This project was funded by the Spinoza Prize awarded to Prof. Jozien Bensing, PhD by the Dutch Research Counsel (NWO). The funding source (NWO) was not involved in the research process. None. We would like to thank all women who participated in this study. We thank Maarten van der Smagt for his assistance with the analyses of the physiological data. Last, we are grateful to the Verona Sequence Analysis Network for their valuable comments on an oral presentation of this study’s preliminary results. “
“Populations are aging, and unhealthy lifestyles and chronic diseases are becoming more prevalent  and . The rapid increase in the prevalence of chronic illness has increased the demand for health care services and constrained the organization and delivery of chronic care ,  and . Because health care systems have historically been organized around acute care, many organizations are struggling to improve the quality of chronic care delivery and effectively manage the health behaviors of chronically ill patients , , , , , ,  and .